Sexually Transmitted Illness

Sexually transmitted infections – or STIs – are infections that can be passed on through vaginal, anal or oral sex. Most STIs are transmitted in sexual fluids, but some can be passed on from skin-to-skin genital contact.

Most STIs don’t have symptoms and you might never know you have been infected with one.

Symptoms include:

  • Pain or burning when urinating (peeing)
  • Discharge from your vagina or penis
  • Pain in the testis or swollen testis
  • Sores, blisters or lumps on the genitals or in the oral or rectal area
  • Unusual bleeding, discomfort or itch in genital area in females
  • Sharp or cramping pain with sex in females

Risk Factors:
Anyone who is sexually active risks exposure to sexually transmitted infection to some degree.
The risk is increased if you:

  • Have unprotected sex (without a condom) with a casual partner
  • Are having sex with multiple partners
  • Have been forced to have sexual intercourse or sexual activity
  • Are having unprotected sex and have a history of an STI
  • Are contacted by a previous partner diagnosed with STI
  • Injecting drugs or having sex with someone who injects drugs (IVDU)